AP PSYCHOLOGY

BIOLOGICAL BASES OF BEHAVIOR

PREDICTING INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES

Question [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Research suggests that women are more skilled than men at
A
avoiding emotional uncertainty.
B
interpreting others’ facial expressions of emotion.
C
preventing emotions from distorting reasoning
D
delaying emotional gratification in pursuit of long-term goals.
Explanation: 

Detailed explanation-1: -Several meta-analyses on gender differences in nonverbal decoding have shown that women are superior in decoding emotions than are men [16, 17, 18]. Of the studies included in these meta-analyses, 80% show a female advantage, although differences were small to moderate.

Detailed explanation-2: -There’s no truth to it, according to a new study. Women have typically been thought of as being more emotional and, historically, have even been excluded from participating in research, the authors of a study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, wrote.

Detailed explanation-3: -Overall, women express facial actions more frequently than men, and in particular express more actions of positive valence. However, for negative valence actions expressiveness is dependent on the discrete emotional state.

Detailed explanation-4: -Overall, females showed more accurate facial emotion recognition compared to males and were faster in correctly recognising facial emotions. The female advantage in reading expressions from the faces of others was unaffected by expression intensity levels and emotion categories used in the study.

Detailed explanation-5: -Women seem to have a greater ability to perceive and respond to positive facial emotion at an automatic processing level compared to men. High perceptual sensitivity to minimal social-affective signals may contribute to women’s advantage in understanding other persons’ emotional states.

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