# ECONOMICS (CBSE/UGC NET)

## ECONOMICS

 Question [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
What are both nominal and real GDP used for?
 A Explaining the national budget to citizens B Showing the public how taxes affect the nation C Comparing our economy to the economies of other countries D Comparing the result of expenditures and income
Explanation:

Detailed explanation-1: -Governments use both nominal and real GDP as metrics for analyzing economic growth and purchasing power over time. This is done using the GDP price deflator (also called the implicit price deflator), which measures the changes in prices for all of the goods and services produced in an economy.

Detailed explanation-2: -How Does Nominal GDP Compare to Real GDP? While nominal GDP by definition reflects inflation, real GDP uses a GDP deflator to adjust for inflation, thus reflecting only changes in real output. Since inflation is generally a positive number, a country’s nominal GDP is generally higher than its real GDP.

Detailed explanation-3: -Why Do Economists Favor Real GDP? Real GDP is often favored over nominal GDP as it accounts for the effects of inflation. Thus, if nominal GDP grew at 4% in a given year, but the inflation rate was 5%, it actually shrunk by 1% in real (constant-dollar) terms.

Detailed explanation-4: -Nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Real GDP both quantify the total value of all goods produced in a country in a year. However, real GDP is adjusted for inflation, while nominal GDP isn’t. Thus, real GDP is almost always slightly lower than its equivalent nominal figure.

Detailed explanation-5: -Nominal GDP is the total value of all goods and services produced in a given time period, usually quarterly or annually. Real GDP is nominal GDP adjusted for inflation. Real GDP is used to measure the actual growth of production without any distorting effects from inflation.

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