UNIVERSE
CELESTIAL MECHANICS
Question
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Nicolaus Copernicus


Tycho Brahe


Johannes Kepler


Robert Hooke


Isaac Newton

Detailed explanation1: His famous three laws of Motion in mechanics and the formulation of the laws of gravitation completely changed the track of physics across the globe.
Detailed explanation2: His book Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, first published in 1687, established classical mechanics. Newton also made seminal contributions to optics, and shares credit with German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for developing infinitesimal calculus.
Detailed explanation3: Far more than just discovering the laws of gravity, Sir Isaac Newton was also responsible for working out many of the principles of visible light and the laws of motion, and contributing to calculus.
Detailed explanation4: Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (English: The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy) often referred to as simply the Principia (/prɪnˈsɪpiə, prɪnˈkɪpiə/), is a book by Isaac Newton that expounds Newton’s laws of motion and his law of universal gravitation.
Detailed explanation5: Newton’s laws of motion first appeared in his masterpiece, Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687), commonly known as the Principia.