HISTORY
ABSOLUTISM AND REVOLUTION
Question
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Isaac Newton


William Harvey


Galileo Galilei


Johannes Kepler

Detailed explanation1: Sir Isaac Newton contributed significantly to the field of science over his lifetime. He invented calculus (opens in new tab) and provided a clear understanding of optics. But his most significant work had to do with forces, and specifically with the development of a universal law of gravitation and his laws of motion.
Detailed explanation2: Isaac Newton changed the world when he invented Calculus in 1665. We take this for granted today, but what Newton accomplished at the age of 24 is simply astonishing. Calculus has uses in physics, chemistry, biology, economics, pure mathematics, all branches of engineering, and more.
Detailed explanation3: Calculus was primarily introduced by two scientists: Issac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. However, Newton is the one most often credited with this development. This story of “who got there first” is called the NewtonLeibniz Calculus Controversy, which takes place in the mid1660s.
Detailed explanation4: He found that by using calculus, he could explain how planets moved and why the orbits of planets are in an ellipse. This is one of Newton’s great epiphanies: that the gravitational force that holds us to the ground is the same force that causes the planets to orbit the Sun and the Moon to orbit Earth.