WORLD HISTORY

HISTORY

ANCIENT INDIA

 Question [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
A mathematical innovation from Ancient India was
 A Developing the calendar B Adding and using the numeral 0 (zero) C Pythagorean Theorem D Determining that Pi is 3.16
Explanation:

Detailed explanation-1: -The first modern equivalent of the numeral zero comes from a Hindu astronomer and mathematician Brahmagupta in 628. His symbol to depict the numeral was a dot underneath a number. He also wrote standard rules for reaching zero through addition and subtraction and the results of operations that include the digit.

Detailed explanation-2: -About 773 AD the mathematician Mohammed ibn-Musa al-Khowarizmi was the first to work on equations that were equal to zero (now known as algebra), though he called it ‘sifr’. By the ninth century the zero was part of the Arabic numeral system in a similar shape to the present day oval we now use.

Detailed explanation-3: -Hindu astronomers and mathematicians Aryabhata, born in 476, and Brahmagupta, born in 598, are both popularly believed to have been the first to formally describe the modern decimal place value system and present rules governing the use of the zero symbol.

Detailed explanation-4: -The first recorded zero appeared in Mesopotamia around 3 B.C. The Mayans invented it independently circa 4 A.D. It was later devised in India in the mid-fifth century, spread to Cambodia near the end of the seventh century, and into China and the Islamic countries at the end of the eighth.

Detailed explanation-5: -It was al-Khowarizmi who first synthesized Indian arithmetic and showed how the zero could function in algebraic equations, and by the ninth century the zero had entered the Arabic numeral system in a form resembling the oval shape we use today.

There is 1 question to complete.