HISTORY
THE MUSLIM WORLD AND AFRICA
Question
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Improving the astrolabe


Creating the book The Canon of Medicine


Inventing Geometry


Discovering how blood circulates through the body

Detailed explanation1: By the 10th century, original Muslim contributions to science became significant. The earliest written document on geometry in the Islamic history of science is that authored by Khwarizmi in the early 9th century (Mohamed, 2000).
Detailed explanation2: Medieval Muslims made invaluable contributions to the study of mathematics, and their key role is clear from the many terms derived from Arabic. Perhaps the most famous mathematician was Muhammad ibn Musa alKhwarizmi (ca. 800ca. 847), author of several treatises of earthshattering importance.
Detailed explanation3: The earliest geometrical forms in Islamic art were occasional isolated geometric shapes such as 8pointed stars and lozenges containing squares. These date from 836 in the Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia, and since then have spread all across the Islamic world.
Detailed explanation4: One of the Islamic worldâ€™s most significant contributions to modern science was the translation of mathematical, medical, and astronomical texts from their original languages into Arabic.