# NURSING ANM AND GNM

## NURSING EXAM QUESTIONS

### FIRST AID

 Question [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
Which is the correct ratio of chest compressions to rescue breaths for use in CPR of an adult casualty?
 A 2 compressions:30 rescue breaths. B 5 compressions:1 rescue breath. C 15 compressions:2 rescue breaths. D 30 compressions:2 rescue breaths.
Explanation:

Detailed explanation-1: -After every 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100 to 120 a minute, give 2 breaths.

Detailed explanation-2: -Give 30 compressions followed by 2 breaths, known as “30:2”. Aim for 5 sets of 30:2 in about 2 minutes (if only doing compressions about 100 – 120 compressions per minute).

Detailed explanation-3: -CPR works on the principle of 30 chest compressions and 2 breaths of rescue breathing (mouth-to-mouth) – known as 30:2).

Detailed explanation-4: -One of the biggest changes in the guidelines – implemented in 2005 – was to move from 15 compressions/2 breaths (15:2) to 30:2. The intention was to increase the number of chest compressions delivered per minute and reduce interruptions in chest compressions.

Detailed explanation-5: -Chest Compressions The compression-ventilation ratio for 1-and 2-rescuer CPR is 15 compressions to 2 ventilations when the victim’s airway is unprotected (not intubated) (Class IIb).

There is 1 question to complete.