AMERICAN CIVIL WAR(1861 1865)
THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION[SOURCES]
(A) Smarter Generals
(B) Defensive Strategy
(C) ** More Troops
(D) Highly Motivated
Concept note-1: -One advantage for North: The North had a better economic than the South, so the North had more troops to fight the war. 2nd advantage for North: The North had railroads, steamboats, roads, and canals for faster transport of supplies and troops.
Concept note-2: -The Union had many advantages over the Confederacy. The North had a larg-er population than the South. The Union also had an industrial economy, where-as the Confederacy had an economy based on agriculture. The Union had most of the natural resources, like coal, iron, and gold, and also a well-developed rail system.
Concept note-3: -When the South seceeded, Lincoln was faced with the prospect of fighting an offensive war in order to force the Confederacy back into the Union. This meant that he had to recruit more troops than the South in order to have superior numbers for invasion.
Concept note-4: -The North had geographic advantages, too. It had more farms than the South to provide food for troops. Its land contained most of the country’s iron, coal, copper, and gold. The North controlled the seas, and its 21, 000 miles of railroad track allowed troops and supplies to be transported wherever they were needed.
Concept note-5: -In July 1861, the two armies were nearly equal in strength with less than 200, 000 soldiers on each side; however at the peak of troop strength in 1863, Union soldiers outnumbered Confederate soldiers by a ratio of 2 to 1. The size of Union forces in January 1863 totaled over 600, 000.