What happened as a result of the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885?

(A) France and Britain agreed to combine African colonies

(B) less fighting between African leaders and European powers

(C) African leaders voiced their suggestions

(D) ** Europeans divided Africa into colonies


Concept note-1: -One thing is clear-the Berlin Conference established the legal claim by Europeans that all of Africa could be occupied by whomever could take it. It also established a process for Europeans to cooperate rather than fight with each other. This cooperation played a huge role in the division and conquest of Africa.

Concept note-2: -The Berlin Conference spanned almost four months of deliberations, from 15 November 1884 to 26 February 1885. By the end of the Conference the European powers had neatly divided Africa up amongst themselves, drawing the boundaries of Africa much as we know them today.

Concept note-3: -The Berlin Conference was seen as the beginning of the “Scramble for Africa.” The “Scramble for Africa” was the invasion and colonization of African territory by European powers between 1881 and 1914.

Concept note-4: -At the time of the conference, 80 percent of Africa remained under traditional and local control. What ultimately resulted was a hodgepodge of geometric boundaries that divided Africa into 50 irregular countries. This new map of the continent was superimposed over 1, 000 indigenous cultures and regions of Africa.