AMERICAN IMPERIALISM(1890 1919)
LEAGUE OF NATIONS[SOURCES]
(A) ** The Hague
Concept note-1: -The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands).
Concept note-2: -The establishment of the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ), the predecessor of the International Court of Justice, was provided for in the Covenant of the League of Nations. It held its inaugural sitting in 1922 and was dissolved in 1946.
Concept note-3: -The chief function of the ICJ is to settle disputes submitted by parties according to international law. The Court also gives advisory opinions on legal matters submitted by any of the UN bodies or specialised agencies.
Concept note-4: -The first elections were held on 14 September 1921. Following approaches by the Netherlands Government in the spring of 1919, it was decided that the PCIJ should have its permanent seat at the Peace Palace in The Hague, which it would share with the Permanent Court of Arbitration.