In 1899 and 1900, Secretary of State John Hay sent a series of notes to the foreign ministers of England, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and Russia. Hay explained, “The policy of the Government of the United States is to seek a solution which may bring about permanent safety and peace to China, preserve Chinese territorial and administrative entity, protect all rights guaranteed to friendly powers by treaty and international law, and safeguard for the world the principle of equal and impartial trade with all parts of the Chinese Empire.” What name is used for the U.S. policy towards China that Secretary Hay described?

(A) ** Open Door

(B) Square Deal

(C) Good Neighbor

(D) Manifest Destiny


Concept note-1: -These Open Door Notes aimed to secure international agreement to the U.S. policy of promoting equal opportunity for international trade and commerce in China, and respect for China’s administrative and territorial integrity.

Concept note-2: -The Open Door policy was a statement of principles initiated by the United States in 1899 and 1900. It called for protection of equal privileges for all countries trading with China and for the support of Chinese territorial and administrative integrity.

Concept note-3: -US Secretary of State John Hay created the Open Door Policy in 1899/1900 in order to allow the US, Japan, and select European countries equal trade access to China, a country that previously had no trade agreements.

Concept note-4: -The Open Door Notes (1899-1900) The U.S., coming late to imperialism, held no sphere of influence in China. In 1899 U.S. Secretary of State John Hay proposed an “Open Door” policy in China in which all nations would have equal trading and development rights throughout all of China.