AMERICAN IMPERIALISM(1890 1919)
TREATY OF VERSAILLES[SOURCES]
(A) Germany was blamed for the war.
(B) Germany was forced to disarm and give up territories.
(C) Germany was forced to pay $5 billion in reparations to the Allied powers.
(D) ** Hitler was executed.
Concept note-1: -The treaty’s so-called “war guilt” clause forced Germany and other Central Powers to take all the blame for World War I. This meant a loss of territories, reduction in military forces, and reparation payments to Allied powers.
Concept note-2: -Treaty of Versailles Terms Germany and the other defeated powers-Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey-were not represented at the Paris Peace Conference.
Concept note-3: -The treaty required demilitarization of the Rhineland, the loss of 13% of Germany’s prewar territories, and extensive reparation payments by Germany. The treaty contained a “war guilt clause.” This clause held Germany completely responsible for starting World War I.
Concept note-4: -The document stripped Germany of 13 percent of its territory and one tenth of its population. The Rhineland was occupied and demilitarized, and German colonies were taken over by the new League of Nations. The German army was diminished to 100, 000 men and the country was forbidden to draft soldiers.