AMERICAN CIVIL WAR(1861 1865)
THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION[SOURCES]
(A) Fugitive Slave Act
(B) ** Underground Railroad
(D) Safe Houses
Concept note-1: -The Underground Railroad was a network of people, African American as well as white, offering shelter and aid to escaped enslaved people from the South. It developed as a convergence of several different clandestine efforts.
Concept note-2: -Enslaved people escaping North would often stay in “safe houses” to escape capture. These houses were owned by people, both black and white, who were sympathetic to the cause.
Concept note-3: -The Underground Railroad was a network of people working to take enslaved people from the southern United States to freedom in the northern U.S. and Canada. The Underground Railroad was the network used by enslaved black Americans to obtain their freedom in the 30 years before the Civil War (1860-1865).
Concept note-4: -HARRIET TUBMAN – The Best-Known Figure in UGR History Harriet Tubman is perhaps the best-known figure related to the underground railroad. She made by some accounts 19 or more rescue trips to the south and helped more than 300 people escape slavery.
Concept note-5: -The Underground Railroad refers to a network of secret routes and hiding places for runaway slaves to escape to freedom in the 19th century. Abolitionists and other people sympathetic to the plight of slaves would help guide people in the middle of the night to free states and Canada.