AMERICAN CIVIL WAR(1861 1865)
THE FIRST BATTLE OF BULL RUN[SOURCES]
(A) ** They were the forced to run or be trampled by retreating soldiers
(B) They were taken prisoner by the confederate forces
(C) They were the first to report the news of the confederate victory to the newspapers
(D) They were caught in the weapons crossfire
Concept note-1: -The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as the Battle of Manassas, marked the first major land battle of the American Civil War. On July 21, 1861, Union and Confederate armies clashed near Manassas Junction, Virginia.
Concept note-2: -Some soldiers panicked and ran from the battlefield, and the spectators’ amusing summer outing turned chaotic. Civilians hustled back to Washington along with retreating Union troops. Some legislators attempted to stem the tide.
Concept note-3: -Men, women, and even children came to witness the predicted Union victory, bringing along picnic baskets and opera glasses. Bull Run soon became known as the “picnic battle.” Among the civilian ranks were some of Congress’s most powerful senators-many of whom had called for just such a campaign.
Concept note-4: -The end result of the battle was a Confederate victory and Federal forces retreated to the defenses of Washington, DC. One week later, General George McClellan was appointed head of the Army of the Potomac. The three maps cited below all use the name “Bull Run” to identify the battle.