AMERICAN IMPERIALISM(1890 1919)
THE UNITED STATES IN WORLD WAR I[SOURCES]
(A) ** To get supplies to the Russians.
(B) To destroy Germany’s u-boats
(C) To capture Sarajevo
(D) To gain access to Africa
Concept note-1: -The Gallipoli campaign was the land-based element of a strategy intended to allow Allied ships to pass through the Dardanelles, capture Constantinople (now Istanbul) and ultimately knock Ottoman Turkey out of the war.
Concept note-2: -The Gallipoli campaign was intended to force Germany’s ally, Turkey, out of the war. It began as a naval campaign, with British battleships sent to attack Constantinople (now Istanbul). This failed when the warships were unable to force a way through the straits known as the Dardanelles.
Concept note-3: -The Gallipoli defeat ensured that the pressure on Russia’s economy continued to grow throughout 1916. By the autumn political crisis gripped the capital, and famously the storm broke in early 1917.
Concept note-4: -Overall the Gallipoli campaign was unsuccessful for the Allies. But the campaign did help to draw Ottoman troops away from the Caucasus front. Running from the Black Sea to Persia, Russian and Ottoman soldiers were engaged in bitter fighting.
Concept note-5: -The Allies hoped to seize control of the strategic Dardanelles Strait and open the way for their naval forces to attack Constantinople (Istanbul), the capital of Turkey and the Ottoman Empire. Allied forces landed on Gallipoli on 25 April.