AMERICAN IMPERIALISM(1890 1919)
TREATY OF VERSAILLES[SOURCES]
(A) Loss of land and colonies
(B) Reduced size of military forces
(C) Germany lost millions of soldiers during World War 1
(D) ** Germany had to pay back war reparations to France, Great Britain, and the United States
Concept note-1: -Perhaps the most humiliating portion of the treaty for defeated Germany was Article 231, commonly known as the “War Guilt Clause.” This clause forced the German nation to accept complete responsibility for starting World War I. As such, Germany was to be held liable for all material damages.
Concept note-2: -One of the most controversial terms of the treaty was the War Guilt clause, which explicitly and directly blamed Germany for the outbreak of hostilities. The treaty forced Germany to disarm, to make territorial concessions, and to pay reparations to the Allied powers in the staggering amount of $5 billion.
Concept note-3: -From idealism to punishment The treaty itself was predicated on Germany’s guilt for the war. The document stripped Germany of 13 percent of its territory and one tenth of its population.
Concept note-4: -Most importantly, Article 231 of the treaty, better known as the “war guilt clause, ” forced Germany to accept full responsibility for starting World War I and pay enormous reparations for Allied war losses.
Concept note-5: -Due to the Versailles treaty, Germany was forced to pay incredibly sizeable reparations to France and Great Britain. In addition, the Versailles treaty, which many agreed was far too harsh, forced Germany to give up thirteen percent of its land. At first Germany tried to recover from the war by way of social spending.