# AP PSYCHOLOGY

## LEARNING

### OPERANT CONDITIONING

 Question [CLICK ON ANY CHOICE TO KNOW THE RIGHT ANSWER]
A customer loyalty program in which you receive a 40% off after accumulating 5, 000 points is an example of a ____ reinforcement schedule.
 A fixed variable B fixed ratio C variable ratio D variable interval
Explanation:

Detailed explanation-1: -Ratio schedules involve reinforcement after a certain number of responses have been emitted. The fixed ratio schedule involves using a constant number of responses. For example, if the rabbit is reinforced every time it pulls the lever exactly five times, it would be reinforced on an FR 5 schedule.

Detailed explanation-2: -In operant conditioning, a variable-ratio schedule is a partial schedule of reinforcement in which a response is reinforced after an unpredictable number of responses. 1 This schedule creates a steady, high rate of response. Gambling and lottery games are good examples of a reward based on a variable-ratio schedule.

Detailed explanation-3: -Continuous reinforcement requires the subject to receive positive rewards for behavior every time the behavior is exhibited. Example: Every time a child remembers to raise their hand in class, the teacher gives them a sticker. Partial reinforcement is when the subject receives rewards for behavior some of the time.

Detailed explanation-4: -Variable Interval: In variable interval (VI) schedule, the first behavior is reinforced after an average amount of time has passed. Example: You provide Jane praise (“good job”) the first time she says “please” after about every 55, 60 or 65 minutes.

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